Are you a trekking maniac? If your answer is ‘Yes’, then you are welcome for trekking in Nepal. ‘Nepal’ and ‘trekking’ are inseparable from each other because Nepal has eight of the tallest mountains in the world above 8,000 meters height. You can experience Himalaya trekking in Nepal which is gifted with incredible beauty by Mother Nature. You can measure from long to short trek in Nepal to different locations. The Great Himalayan Trail with the length 1,700 km (1,056 miles) is one of the world’s longest and highest trekking routes. This route which extends from Kanchenjunga in the east to Hilsa of Humla district in the western part of Nepal. You can taste trekking in Nepal from higher altitude to lower one during the journey through High Himalayas.
There are many trekking routes in Nepal like Everest Base Camp Trek, Annapurna Circuit Trek, Kanchenjunga Trek, Makalu Trek and many others. Trekking through such routes give you a lifetime experience of natural beauty, snowcapped peaks and splendid landscapes. You also know about human settlement areas, people’s socio-cultural aspects and their economic activities of the High Himalayan Region of Nepal. You can even taste the local typical food items grown organically by the local people of the Himalayan Region of Nepal. Trekking through such challenging but naturally acclaimed sites makes you feel as if you were in a piece of heaven.
The flow of the tourists from all around the world is high for trekking in Nepal all 365 days. It is so because all the trekking routes are open throughout the year except on natural calamities and other obstacles. The visitors can travel different base camps, trekking routes, high passes, freshwater lakes situated in high altitude. Trekking to such destinations gives the visitors a rare opportunity to capture the memory of the heavenly locations in their camera and the mind.
The travel agencies established in Kathmandu are Nepal trekking guide for the foreigners who visit Nepal in different occasions. The agencies prepare Nepal trekking packages for different durations and trekking in Nepal costs according to the package the tourists choose. You can even engage in cheap trekking in Nepal beside the costly ones. Trekking in Nepal best time of year is the months March, April, May, September, October and November.
Now, you may be impatiently waiting for knowing about the ‘must-go’ Nepal trekking routes which are thrilling and splendid, too. Let’s go for satisfying your desire to know about trekking in Nepal.
Everest Region Trek
This trekking roams around the region with many gorges, glacial lakes, lush and green valleys, glacial rivers and snowcapped peaks around Mount Everest. You know Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world having 8,848m (29,029ft) also called ‘Roof of the World’. Everest Base Camp Trek is scaled by thousands of travelers every year and some of them even on the peak! Everest Base Camp Trek starts from Lukla (Tenzing Hillary Airport) which is just about 30-minute flight from Kathmandu. The scenic bliss you come to see during the flight is the rarest one in one’s life, perhaps!
Namche Bazaar, a business hub in the Khumbu Region serves with all amenities through its hotels, malls, cafes, banks and star hotels. Next unavoidable station during trips to Everest Base Camp is Tengboche, named after the oldest and largest monastery of the region.
Everest Base Camp trekking has many long routes around the Everest Region leading to different places. Trekking to Kala Patthar provides you have a 360-degree view of Mt. Everest and neighboring peaks just like your reflection on the mirror.
Another trekking route to Everest Region is Everest High Pass Trek also called Three Pass Trek. For the face to face experience of Mountain View and interaction with the Sherpa Culture, this route is useful. You have to go across three passes: Renjo La, Cho La and Kongma La all above 5,000 meters during three pass trek. Gokyo Lakes Trek situated at an elevation above 5,000 meters is another captivating side of the Everest Region Trek. You can find splendid view of blue and green water sparkling in the Gokyo lakes with the mountain peaks on the background.
After travelling by bus for about 9 hours from Kathmandu, you reach Jiri (also called the Switzerland of Nepal) of Dolakha district for the night stay. You can begin your trekking to Everest Base Camp from Jiri following the trail from low to high altitude to reach Lukla. Trekking in Everest Region is also accessible through Gokyo Lakes crossing the Cho La Pass for taking the challenge to beat the hard trail.
Annapurna Region Trek
Annapurna Region Trek is one of the most talked trekking destinations in Nepal. Annapurna Region Trekking lies in Province No. 4 of Nepal and under the 1,700 km-long Great Himalayan Trail. This trek comprises other famous trekking routes like Annapurna Circuit Trek, Annapurna Base Camp Trek, Annapurna Sanctuary Trek, Jomsom Muktinath Trek and the Royal Trek. Since Tilicho Lake, the world’s highest altitude lake, lies in this region, you can do trekking or hiking there, too. Similarly, you can plan a day hiking to the Ice Lakes just a few hours away from Manang Village. You can trek to Upper Mustang by enjoying the flora and fauna found in Annapurna Conservation Area Project (ACAP).
This is the busiest trekking route in Nepal throughout the year because around 50,000 trekkers or hikers walk around here in a year. The popularity and attraction of Annapurna Region grew more when ACAP was established in 1986 AD to protect flora and fauna of High Himalayas. The area ACAP has occupied is 7,629 km2 inhabiting different species of plants, mammals, and birds in it.
Annapurna Trekking Region is famous for hygienic ‘Thakali food’ and clean hotels and lodges with the best hospitality. If you want to interact and know about Gurung Culture (Gurung is an ethnic community) face to face, Annapurna Region is the ultimate destination for you. Not only culture, tradition, cuisines and hospitality but you can also experience the intoxicating outlook of the snowcapped mountains here. You will be lucky enough to have a close view of the mountains like Dhaulagiri (8,167m), Manaslu (8,156m), Annapurna I (8,091m), Machhapuchhre (6,996m), Nilgiri (6,940m), Tukuche peak (6,920m), Annapurna South (7,219m) and many more.
Even though Annapurna Region Trek covers comparatively small area, you can find all types of climatic variation found on Earth. You can find the production of paddy in the lowland to oat and barley in the highland in this region. Next plus point of trekking to Annapurna Region is the mixture of multiple castes, creeds, languages, religions, culture, tradition and festivals.
Some other long and short trekking in Annapurna Region are Ghorepani –Poon Hill trek, Khopra Danda trek (Khayar trek), Royal trek, Panchanse Trek, Ghale Gaun Trek, Sirubari Homestay Trek. You can plan an organized or solo trek to Annapurna Region and its sub-destinations for more fun and natural, cultural and traditional beauty.
Kanchenjunga Region Trekking
Kanchenjunga Region Trekking is the trekking route that moves around Mt. Kanchenjunga which is 8,586 m (28,169ft). Kanchenjunga Region located in the eastern Nepal bordering to Sikkim, India is one of the longest trekking routes in Nepal. Trekking to Kanchenjunga starts from Suketar of Taplejung and ends at Suketar when you trek there from Lalikharka. Kanchenjunga Region Trek can be completed from 20 days to 27 days depending on your package, health condition, etc.
Kanchenjunga Region Trekking includes other similar long and short trekking packages like Kanchenjunga Circuit Trek, Kanchenjunga North Base Camp Trek, Kanchenjunga South Base Camp Trek, etc. Trekking to Kanchenjunga Region gives you an invaluable opportunity to experience thick rhododendron forests, traditional communities with their unique codes of conduct and rituals. Kanchenjunga Conservation Area offers you a rare chance of sighting a snow leopard along with other endangered species of flora and fauna. The best time for trekking around Kanchenjunga Region is between April and May and September and November for lifetime experience of majestic mountains view and other natural sceneries.
Makalu Region Trek
Makalu Region Trek is trekking towards Makalu Barun National Park established in 1992 with 2330 sq. km area in eastern Nepal. Makalu Region Trek is named after Mt. Makalu which is 8,463m (27,766ft) high surrounded by sixteen other snowcapped mountains. Makalu Region Trek is the summation of many other trekking routes like Makalu Base Camp Trek, Salpa High Pass Trek, Lukla to Tumlingtar Trek, Makalu to Sherpani and West Col Pass Trek, Arun Valley Trek and Makalu to Ama Lapcha La Trek, etc.
Another quite interesting trekking route in Makalu Region Trek is Milke Danda Trek which provides you a golden opportunity to see different species of rhododendrons. Tinjure-Milke-Jaljale Area is said to be the Capital of rhododendrons (national flower of Nepal). If you plan your Milke Danda Trek in spring season, you can see this place covered with rainbow colored rhododendrons. Arun Valley Trek, located between Mt. Everest and Mt. Makalu, is also a remarkable experience to have in your life. Here you have the wonderful view of the snowcapped peaks and the unique culture and tradition as well.
Rolwaling Trek is designed for trekking through the Rolwaling Region located in the north east part of Nepal. Rolwaling Valley (also called the Valley of Yeti) lies between Tibet and the Everest Region and is rich in unique culture and tradition. During Rolwaling Trek, you see the magnificent view of Mt. Gaurishankar, the indicator of Time of Nepal and other snowcapped peaks. Two freshwater glacial lakes Tsho Rolpa and Omi Tso and many waterfalls are situated in the High Himalayan Region. Rolwaling Valley is embroidered with various species of flora and fauna besides white langurs (monkey), snow leopard and yaks.
Trek to Rolwaling Valley is suitable for seasonal activities to the travelers for flowers sighting, ice climbing, peak climbing and trekking. The best season for flowers watching trek is June and July and Ice Climbing from November to February. Similarly, Peak Climbing and Rolwaling Valley trekking can be done between March and April and September and November.
Langtang Region Trek
Langtang Region Trek is intended to offer you a facility to trek through one of the closest trekking routes from Kathmandu. Trek to Langtang Region gives you a splendid panorama of the Himalayan range from Makalu in the east to Annapurna in the west. On the account of the Himalayan terrain scenery, Langtang Region comes after Everest Region Trek and Annapurna Region Trek. Similarly, you can get to know about the endangered species of flora and fauna that survive in high altitude in Langtang National Park.
Named after Mt. Langtang Lirung (6,581m) and Langtang Himal (7,234m), distinct Tamang villages, Langtang Valley, Helumbu Valley, etc. are assets of the region. Trekking in Langtang Region gives you the best taste of natural beauty along with the information about Tamang People and their culture, tradition and hospitality. Langtang Region consists Langtang Valley Kyanjing Gompa Trek, Ganja La Trek, Tamang Heritage Trail Trekking, Langtang Gosainkunda Trekking and Helambu Valley Trekking.
The highest point to cross while Trekking to Gosainkunda Lake in Langtang Region is Laurivinayak Pass (4,610m) at Ghopte Bhir. Situated at an elevation of 4,380m, Gosainkunda is an alpine freshwater lake where many Hindu pilgrims visit for holy bath around August.
Helambu Valley Trek is another important trekking route in Langtang Region which begins from Sundarijal of Kathmandu valley. The trek to Helambu Valley is one of the shortest trip from Kathmandu valley, however, it is culturally and naturally blissful. With Tamang and Sherpa residents, trekking to Helambu Valley serves you with an opportunity to experience the view of Jugal Himal, the closest peak from Kathmandu. Similarly, you can also have marvelous pictures of Mt. Gaurishankar ((7,134m), Langtang Lirung (7,246m) and Ganesh Himal (7,405m) during the journey through rocky trails.
Ganesh Himal Trek
Having the shape of peak like Lord Ganesh, a Hindu deity, Ganesh Himal Trek is a complete blend of natural and cultural fascination. Ganesh Himal Trek starts from Betrawati, Rasuwa district through classic Tamang settlement areas, their culture and tradition distinct from others’. You can also find the variation in vegetation from sub-tropical to alpine range and wildlife according to the climatic regions.
Ganesh Himal Trekking also contains wonderful panoramic outlook of the mountains like Langtang, Ganesh Himal, Bouddha Himal and other nearby peaks. During the trekking to Ganesh Himal, you have to cross Shing La Pass (4,200m) and Pansang La Pass (4,100m) as a challenge. Nevertheless, the vistas seen from these passes are spectacular to see the mountains peeping from behind the snow and clouds!
Manaslu Region Trekking
Manaslu Region Trekking, the east of Annapurna Massif, offers you to walk across the off beaten path of the Himalayas. Opened in 1992, Manaslu Region Trekking route starts from Gorkha district between the Budhi Gandaki and the Marshyangdi River. Extended between the altitude 1,000m and 5,200m, trekking through Manaslu Region gifts you with rich culture and tradition, majestic views and bio-diversity. Different majestic trails, panoramic peaks, magnificent landscapes, mixed communities and their cultures are the attractions of Manaslu Region Trekking.
Manaslu Region Trek includes Manaslu Circuit Trek, Manaslu Panorama Trek, Tsum Valley Trek, Tsum Valley Manaslu Circuit Trek and Barpak Trek. For the customized trekking package cost and duration under Manaslu Circuit Trek, you can consult with Orbit Alpine Adventure.
Dolpo Region Trek
Do you want to enhance your knowledge about remoteness, drier area under rain-shadow topography, people totally aloof from modern inventions? If ‘yes’, you have a pristine valley in the upper western part of Nepal named Dolpo! Dolpo is the remotest and least populated district of Nepal where hardly 5,000 people are living although the largest district in the nation. You can see there some of the oldest monasteries in the country, Tibetan Buddhism and culture and of course, a very hard life. Due to geographical isolation, the people and their culture, tradition, fashion and thoughts are far away from modern means of technology.
Hidden Dolpo got its little introduction with David Snellgrove’s 1956 book ‘Himalayan Pilgrimage’ and David Mattheiessens’s 1973 book ‘The Snow Leopard’. Eric Valli, a French director featured a film “Himalaya” on the lifestyle and culture of Dolpo in 1999. Along with the movie first nominated for OSCAR from Nepal, the coveted region of the country came to limelight.
Dolpo Region can be divided into Upper Dolpo and Lower Dolpo in which Upper Dolpo is a restricted area for foreigners. To experience the untouched beauty of nature and culture of Upper Dolpo, you need a special permit from the Nepal immigration. As the infrastructures of tourism are not fully developed, you are suggested to involve in an organized trekking. There you can see the flavor of Tibetan Buddhist culture, oldest monasteries and marvelous sight of still Shey Phoksundo Lake. Similarly, glimpse of rare vegetation and wildlife will fascinate you that you find this land of nomadic people jubilant! And for sure, you can have a real experience of being in a complete wilderness as your lifelong achievement!
Lower Dolpo Region, one of the adventurous trekking destinations of Nepal lies in Shey-Phoksundo National Park, the largest national park of Nepal. You can fly to Nepalgunj from Kathmandu and from there to Juphal Airport and right from Juphal, your trekking to Lower Dolpo Region begins. To reach this ‘hidden treasure of Nepal’, you need to cross Kangmara La (5,115m), Numa La (5,159m) and Baga La (5,190m). On the way, you find the glimpse of traditional villages, enthralling gorges and forests until you reach Shey-Phoksundo Lake.
Trekking to Dolpo Region can be done from Beni of Myagdi and Mustang as well. Beni Lower Dolpo Trekking route passes through Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve by following the hundreds of years long trading route to Tibet. On the way there, you can see forests with oak, pine, bamboo, walnut and rhododendron trees. Mustang Upper Dolpo Trekking starts from Kagbeni and goes past Dhulungpadanda Pass, then follow Upper Dolpa Great Himalayan Trail.
Guerrilla Trekking route got its name from the guerrilla warfare of a decade-long Maoists’ insurgency in Nepal. Starting point of Trekking to Guerrilla route is exactly Beni of Myagdi from where trekking to Annapurna Circuit and Dhaulagiri Region trekking starts. Guerrilla Trekking Route goes past via Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve, the only wildlife protected area open for scheduled animals shooting.
Guerrilla Route trek informs you about the rebels’ secret trails, hideouts and shelters during the domestic war between 1996 and 2006. The trail passes through lush valleys, green rhododendron and pine forests that shelter many species of flora and fauna. The major attraction of Guerrilla trekking is the Magar people’s settlement area which is renowned for its culture, tradition and other rituals. The Guerilla Trekking route reaches up to Rolpa, the origin of the Maoists’ Revolution in 1996 AD. For a scholar who wants to research about the hilly trail of Guerrillas during the insurgency period, Guerrilla trekking is very helpful. You can also know more about the war sentiments, victims of the war, natural and cultural heritages here.
Rara Lake Trek
Rara Lake Trek guides you towards the largest lake in Nepal which lies partly in Jumla and Mugu and surrounded by Rara National Park. At an elevation of nearly 3,200m and stretched in about 10.4 sq. km, Rara Lake is one of the freshwater lakes in Nepal. Here, you find three fish species Nepalese Snowtrout, Cyprinid fish and Rara Snowtrout and one endemic frog species, Rara Lake Frog.
To reach the starting point of Trek to Rara Lake, you need to fly or travel by bus from Kathmandu to Nepalgunj and then to Jumla. From Jumla Airport, you travel northwards by witnessing the magnificent sight of the peaks around Dolpo Region. Rara National Park, a haven for many endangered animals and plants species is an attraction of Rara Lake trek. Red panda, musk deer, Himalayan black bear, leopard and other species of animals add up to your memory.
Rara Lake trek shows you the lovely view of snowcapped mountains, vegetation and wildlife along with the pastoral life of people. The place is still unaffected by the developmental activities and people untouched by the modern life style and accessories. The experience you get during trekking to Rara Lake Region will be imprinted in your brain for whole life.
Limi Valley Trek
Limi Valley trek leads to the farthest corner of Western Nepal close to Tibet where you find the Tibetan Buddist culture. Limi Valley is situated in Humla district also known as the “district in the other side of the Himalayas”. Limi Valley Trek is a rare opportunity to know about the culture, tradition and life style of the Bhotia people residing in the High Himalayas. People living here have the relationship of the ‘bread and bride’ with the Tibet as it is close to Tibet.
Trekking to Limi Valley starts from Simikot Airport where you can reach via a flight to Nepalgunj and then Simikot from Kathmandu. During the trek to Limi Valley, you have to cross two passes: Nara La (4,580m) and Nyalu La (4,990m). The major attractions to the valley are villages on top of hills and a variety of wildlife like marmots, wolves,, blue sheep, etc. Due to the existence of the 11th –century Halji Rinchenling Monastery, it is like traveling back to time during Limi Valley Trek.
Trekking Types in Nepal:
Trekking in Nepal is a wonderful journey moving lowlands and highlands in country’s different destinations like Everest Base Camp Trek, Annapurna Circuit Trek, etc. Trekking in Nepal has three categories that the trekkers can choose any in their comfort and desire. Nepal trekking, trekking package, trekking cost and trekker’s payment ability determine the trekking type in Nepal. Short introduction of each type is given below:
Teahouse trekking is trekking to Nepal’s different locations where teahouses, hotels and lodges provide lodging -fooding facilities to the trekkers. Teahouses are small hotels the local people open and run for helping the travelers in different night stay stations. If you choose teahouse trekking, you need not carry lodging and fooding items except your personal items. You can find from teahouses to 5 star hotels at different stops in Nepal’s different locations. Teahouse trekking gives you opportunity to taste local typical cuisines and an ordinary sleep in those small hotels.
Camping trekking is generally done to the area where there are no teahouses, hotels and lodges. Camping trekking is more interesting than teahouse trekking for the trekkers who love enjoying eating and sitting in wilderness and picturesque mountain view. Camping trekking requires a crew consisting of a guide, assistant guide, porter, cook, kitchen helper, camp helper and a manager. The crew will carry food, fuel, trekking and camping equipments for camp trekking. Camp trekking is useful towards the destination far from teahouse areas.
Hiking is the third trekking type which is walking a short distance through countryside or the forests. Hiking is teahouse-like trekking which doesn’t need the trekking and camping equipments. You can find teahouses or hotels for the night station and food facilities. You can return your origin location completing your hiking to different beautiful locations of your reach.
1. How can I choose trekking in Nepal?
Choosing trekking in Nepal is very easy via a travel agency located in Kathmandu valley. You can search the travel agency’s website and make the required trekking package they suggest.
The agency you make your trek booking should be authentic with the government registration. For the agency’s authenticity, you can see the government license number and registration details. They will tell you the trekking type, about guide, porters and other required information.
2. Do I need to make travel insurance for trekking in Nepal?
Actually, travel insurance is compulsory for the travelers trekking in Nepal. Travel insurance helps you when you have any accidents while trekking to different highlands and lowlands. Travel insurance helps you claim any health problems, theft, lost stuffs and other shortcomings.
3. Is hiring guide or porter necessary while trekking in Nepal?
Hiring guide or porter in some restricted areas is compulsory according to the GON policy. While trekking through short and easy root, it is not mandatory for any trekker or traveler. However, we suggest you hire a well trained and skillful guide or a porter for carrying your stuffs.
4. How costly is trekking in Nepal?
Being frank, trekking routes, trekking package, trekking duration and trekking difficulty determine the cost of trekking in Nepal. Cost for short trekking is low while long trekking costs higher price. The cost includes guide and porter charge, lodging and fooding price, legal documents cost, transportation fare and other necessary expenses.
5. What things are in the packing list while trekking in Nepal?
Many factors affect the package list while trekking in Nepal. Firstly, trekking type: if you make a teahouse and hiking trekking, you need only things for your personal use. For camping trekking, you need food, fuel, trekking and camping equipments. Similarly, if you go hiking, you don’t need thick clothes and things you require while high Himalaya trekking.
6. May I know the best time for trekking in Nepal?
There is trekking in Nepal throughout the year, however, March, April, May, September, October and November are the best trekking time. Sometimes, December is the best time for trekking in Nepal because of global warming and its effect in weather. You can book your trekking Nepal package seeing the most appropriate season leisurely.
7. For accommodation, what facilities are there?
There are teahouses, hotels and lodges for trekking accommodation during Nepal trekking. Such teahouse, hotel and lodge facilities are available in almost every trekking station in different trekking routes.
8. What are the things that I can do during the trekking in Nepal?
Besides relishing Nepal’s natural and cultural assets during Nepal trekking, you can also interact with the local people. You can converse with different walks’ people for different types of knowledge in culture, tradition, mythology and so on. You can do the culturally accepted things around the locations of your trekking routes.